What is periodontology?

Periodontology is the prophylaxis and treatment of the tissues around the tooth (gum, bone). In most cases, patients are referred to the doctor by observing the following symptoms: teeth gums’ pockets; Gingival bleeding; Toothache; bad breath and unpleasant taste in the mouth. These symptoms may indicate the most common periodontal disease, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis – an inflammation of the gums that can not reach the bone and can develop into a periodontal disease. Signs of gingivitis – reddened, swollen and bleeding gums.

What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a disease in which inflammation affects the tissues surrounding the tooth: gums, periodontal armbands, cement, alveolar bone. In the case of periodontitis, the gums are bright red, bleeding not only during cleaning, but also when eating, pain develops. The dent is pulsating, the teeth begin to move, it falls out, as the teeth support the ligaments, the missing and melting part of the jaw bone drops. Different forms of periodontitis are distinguished, which differ in nature, development and treatment effectiveness. Periodontitis can be diagnosed for people of any age, but mostly adults. Periodontitis is more difficult to detect and may progress slowly until teeth start to move.

 

How to avoid periodontal diseases?

Dental care and regular dental hygiene are necessary because these diseases are caused by hard and soft plaque, which later develops into stones. The formed stones and bacteria cause gum inflammation and other diseases. Pencils and stones fill the pockets, the process involves deeper tissues. As the disease progresses, teeth start to wobble. Finally, the patient completely loses his teeth. Periodontal diseases are also caused by systemic diseases, nutrition, hormonal disorders, and genetics.

Treatment

First of all, a periodontal study is required:

  • assess periodontal condition
  • measuring gum and bone “pockets”
  • Perform and discuss X-ray photographs
  • identify factors that could influence the development of the disease

Once your condition has been determined, you may be subject to the following procedures:

  • Gum surgery that cleans teeth pockets.
  • Gingivectomy is an operation that removes damaged gums.
  • Operations during which one gum layer is tucked away.
  • Plastic surgery of the gums.

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